Melanonychia – Explained by Skin care rejuvenation near me raleigh nc

Melanonychia is very common nail diorder. Melanonychia produces a solitary dark band in the nail. This condition occurs most commonly in Blacks and Asians. If you are looking forward to Skin care rejuvenation near me raleigh nc
When it is seen in Caucasians, there is an increased chance of it representing a malignant process. Melanonychia may reflect a mole or nevus involving the nail matrix, or origin of the nail. However, it may be caused by a melanoma, particularly in Caucasians.
Melanonychia can occur in two forms – Longitudinal and Frictional . Longitudinal melanonychia is most worrisome when there is a solitary, dark, broad longitudinal band with pigment extending over the proximal nail fold. Melanonychia is characterized by the presence of a pigmented stripe, tan, brown, or black within the length of the nail bed.
Melanonychia (pigmentation of nails) in childhood can be caused by drugs (antibiotics, chemotherapeutic agents), infections, skin diseases and rarely subungual malig-nant melanoma. In the treatment of Melanonychia the hyperpigmentation of the skin and nails induced by chemotherapy is reversible and most commonly seen with drugs like doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and hydroxyurea.
Causes of Melanonychia
The common causes of Melanonychia include the following:
A melanoma.
Infections ( e.g., pseudomonas, onychomycosis).
Skin diseases (like psoriasis).
Melanonychia (pigmentation of nails) in childhood can be caused by drugs (antibiotics, chemotherapeutic agents).
Symptoms of Melanonychia
Some symptoms related to Melanonychia are as follows:
Thickened nails.
Pain may occur in the nail.
Yellowing, thickening or crumbling of the nail.
Nails can become so long and deformed that they impair walking.
Unusual neck bones.
Poorly developed shoulder blades.
Treatment of Melanonychia
Here is list of the methods for treating Melanonychia:
In the treatment of Melanonychia the hyperpigmentation of the skin and nails induced by chemotherapy is reversible and most commonly seen with drugs like doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and hydroxyurea.
Prophylactic antifungal therapy may be required to prevent reinfection of the skin and the nails.
Ingrown Toenail
An ingrown toenail is a painful condition of the toe. Ingrown toenails are a common condition–particularly among teenagers. Onychocryptosis, commonly known as ingrown nails, occurs when a sharp corner of the toenail digs into the skin at the end of or side of the toe. An ingrown toenail may also happen if you wear shoes that are too tight or too short. When you first have an ingrown toenail, it may be hard, swollen and tender. Later, it may get red and infected, and feel very sore. It is a painful condition in which the nail grows or cuts into one or both sides of the nail bed. While ingrown nails can occur in both the nails of the hand and feet, they occur most commonly with toenails. If an ingrown nail causes a break in the skin, bacteria may enter and cause an infection in the area, which is often marked by drainage and a foul odor.
Symptoms of an ingrown nail include pain along the margins of the nail (caused by hypergranulation that occurs around the aforementioned region), worsening of pain when wearing shoes or other tight articles, and sensitivity to pressure of any kind, even that of light bedding. To avoid ingrown toenails, you should cut your nails straight across. The top of the nail should make a straight line. The ingrown nail can also apply pressure in the nail fold area without penetrating the skin – this is not technically an ingrown toe nail, but can also be painful.
Ingrown toenails are common in adults but uncommon in children and infants.If you have had a toenail fungal infection, you are at greater risk for developing an ingrown toenail. An ingrown toenail can develop for a variety of reasons, and some people are more prone to the condition than others. Any of your toenails can become ingrown, but the problem more often affects the big toe. Redness, and swelling at the corner of the nail may result and infection may soon follow. Sometimes a small amount of pus can be seen draining from the area. Trauma, such as stubbing the toe or having the toe stepped on, may also cause an ingrown nail.
The condition may become serious in people with diabetes. When you first have an ingrown toenail, it may be hard, swollen and tender. Later, it may get red and infected, and feel very sore. The toe is not necessarily infected, but this can develop after the nail penetrate the skin to become ingrown. If left untreated, the inflammation can spread to the rest of your toe and the area becomes infected and may ooze pus. It may smell unpleasant. Ingrown toenails sometimes correct themselves as they grow out, but more advanced cases may need to be corrected with surgery.
Causes of Ingrown toenail
The common causes of Ingrown toenail include the following:
Improper trimming.
Trauma, such as stubbing the toe or having the toe stepped on, may also cause an ingrown nail.
Poor maintenance, like cutting the nail too short, rounded off at the tip or peeled off at the edges (versus being cut straight across), is likely to cause ingrowth.
Wearing shoes that are tight or short.
Disorders such as fungal infections of the nail can cause a thickened or widened toenail to develop.
Injury near the nail may cause an ingrown toenail.
Unusually curved toenails.

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